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雅思口语的高频考题答题思路-巧拿雅思成绩高分
黄岛新英美外语  2016/10/12 10:11:46

 众所周知,雅思口语的题目相对而言是比较固定的,尤其是口语的第一和第二部分,一年三次的换题规律依然在继续着,所以这对于广大考生而言无疑是雅思考试的bonus。虽然口语话题覆盖了方方面面,题目千千万万个,但是根据全国各地考生们提供的考试经验,我们可以总结出口语考试的一些高频话题。本文中,新英美教育海外考试研究中心的专家将来和广大考生们一起分享一下这些高频考题的答题思路以及如何避免俗套、巧拿高分。

Part 1高频话题


1. Work or studies


毫无例外地,work or studies保持着每年甚至每场必问的高频率。其实询问关于工作和学习的状况一直被看作是正式考试前的一个必经步骤,是考官正式开始对话前的一个铺垫。同时,这也是考官决定将要在接下来的时间里问你哪些话题而不问哪些话题的一个指示灯。换言之,如果你是工作人士,考官自然不会过多地把话题主动涉及到喜欢的学科和学校等,而是更多地关注生活和工作等方面。如果你是一个高中生,考官也不会刻意去问你关于员工福利、加班工作等问题。但是我们要意识到一点,作为整场考试的一个开端,它决定了考官对你的第一印象。夸张点说,考生一张嘴,考官就默默地在心里开始给你打分了。所以严肃认真对待第一部分的第一个话题是每个考生的任务。由于每一类话题的题量较多,我们只选择其中一部分题目进行分析。


Q1: What work do you do?


A: Im working as an accountant in a private company now and I have been in this position for more than two years. Besides, its actually my first job.


Q2: Why did you choose to do that type of work?


A: Well, accounting was my major in university and it seems natural to be an accountant. More importantly, I love this major and, of course, this work, because its actually rewarding, particularly when we, all accountants, wrap up the year-end financial statement. Its like Ive done a huge work that significantly affects the whole company.


第一部分的题目简单回答就好,三四句话左右最佳。只答一句使对话显得不流畅不自然,答得太多又显得刻意。所以我们一般三句话左右能把问题答完,也能补充点细节使对话可以继续下去。关于工作的题目基本上是比较固定的,无非是询问工作类型、工作内容、工作场所和选择这份工作的原因等,考生根据实际情况回答即可。


下面我们再来看一下关于学习的问题:


Q1: What subject are you studying?


A: (高中生)Im studying a range of subjects like maths, chemistry, biology and English, and I like most of them, particularly maths. Every time I work out a hard question, I can feel greatly rewarded.


A:(大学生)Well, my major is management accounting, so I learn a lot of subjects related to management like fundamental accounting for management decisions and so on.


Q2: Do you prefer to study in the mornings or in the afternoons?


A: I definitely prefer to study in the mornings because my mind is clear and I can easily stay focused with a clear mind. However, if I study in the afternoon, particularly after half-day work or other activities, I can hardly put myself completely in study because I feel exhausted.


关于学习的问题大多是关于学科、专业、喜好程度、学习习惯等。考生们根据自己的实际情况来答题,中学生和大学生们要适当选择自己所学的科目并配合自己的喜好来回答相应题目,但是要注意尽量不要在评论学科时只给出消极因素,比如学科太无聊,也要说说学科的好,比如实用、锻炼思考能力等。


2. Home or Accommodation


本话题可以算是除了工作学习之外的第二大经典高频题,全国各个考场每年每场考到的次数也相当多,对于考生居住的场所类型、时间、周围环境等进行提问。这里我们选择三个相对来说比较高频的题目来进行分析。


Q1: What kind of housing do you live in? /Do you live in a house or a flat?


A: I live in a flat with my parents now and we have been living in this flat for almost ten years.


A: Now I live in a dorm with another five girls in university. We are all good friends and most of the time we eat together and have classes at the same time, so its really nice living in a dorm.


Q2: Are the transport facilities to your home very good?


A: I would say yes. There are several buses coming to my home and I can reach quite a lot most-visited places in my city. Also, there a subway line going near my home so I can catch the subway on conditions of rainy or snowy days.


Q3: What part of your home do you like the most?


A: My bedroom is obviously my favourite. Its like my own little world where I can enjoy my privacy and time completely. I do assignments and enjoy movies at my desk, play my guitar near my windows, and when I’m tired, I just lie in bed and read a novel. It offers me peace so I fancy my bedroom most.


这几个题考生们在回答的过程中要注意结合实际经验,把自己真正做过的事和感受一并描述出来,这样更贴近生活,让你的答案听起来更易理解和感同身受,而不是那么生硬。


3. Hometown


作为每年每场必问的第三高频话题,hometown不出意料的占领着第一部分话题的三甲。这个话题多是关于考生的家乡基本状况,考生对于家乡的喜好评价等。我们选出三个最常问的问题,来一起分析该如何回答相关问题。


Q1: Whats your hometown?


A: My hometown is Qingdao, a coastal city in the east of Shandong province. I was born there and I have lived there for the first ten years of my life.


Q2: Is it a big city or a small city?


A: I would say its a big city, but not that big like Beijing or Shanghai. Its a quite chic and cool city because you can spot architectures in German style and typical Chinese buildings at the same time. Its a rather unique experience visiting different parts of Qingdao as you may experience different cultures and times, which you cant have in many other cities.


Q3: Is there anything you dislike about it?


A: Yes, there is. Its the traffic that bothers me lot. Im not saying that theres much traffic. Im saying that there are countless one-way streets in city, in outskirt, in everywhere. People like me who are not familiar with these streets break traffic rules, and apparently are fined several times a day just because of those one-way streets. So I really think that relevant authorities should re-consider the rules.


首先介绍家乡时简单两三句交待出家乡是哪,大概在哪个方位即可,不必把家乡的特征都罗列出来。关于家乡是大城市还是小城市言之成理即可,然后考生可以把城市的一大特点描述出来使答案更生动更具体,听起来不枯燥。关于不喜欢家乡的地方,考生可以随意列举,但重点是不能只进行简单的罗列,最好是选取一个点进行详细论述,这样既有重点也有细节,具有高分答案的潜质。


4. Sleeping


这个话题成为近两年最高频的话题之一确实让很多人大感惊讶。作为老话题,沉寂了一段时间之后在最近两年登上最高频话题榜证明了出题者广开思路、多面考察学生在除了工作学习和个人基本状况之外的口语对话能力的意图。应该说,有相当大一部分考生从来没有想过关于睡觉的话题,更不用说用英文表达相关内容。所以,新英美海外考试研究中心的口语组专家提醒广大考生,雅思口语的考察范围十分宽泛,千万不能侥幸只准备几个经典老题,否则吃亏的还是自己。


Q1: How many hours do you sleep every day?


A: Mostly, I sleep 8 hours on average every day. But my sleeping time often varies if I’m in revision week or holidays. I mean, if I have much work to do, I could stay rather late at night and probably sleep for only 4 hours. And on public holidays I could sleep up to 12 hours if I don't have schedule.


Q2: Do you think it is necessary to take a nap at noon?


A: Yes, absolutely. I think taking a nap allows us to refresh and recharge ourselves so we can stay focused on what we are going to do, particular during workdays. Besides, it benefits our health because our bodies can have a little break and our mind can just be relaxed.


Q3: Do old people sleep a lot? Why?


A: I don't think they actually sleep a lot. Like my grandparents, they sleep at 11 at night and get up at 5 or 6 in the morning. I guess they cant sleep a lot because they don't consume as much energy as working people or kids. And it may also because their organs work slower and cant afford to give the elder people a long sleep.


关于睡觉的话题,考生尤其要掌握睡觉的作用。我们其实不需要讲一些专业的分析(除非你是这方面的专家),而最直接最生活的一些内容才适合我们绝大多数考生回答。更重要的是,我们有时不知道该答些什么的时候,或者不知道如何证明自己说的对或不对的时候,最好用的方法就是举例子。用身边的人作为例子能贴切地证明并描绘出你想表达的东西。


5. Names


关于姓名的话题一直是很多考生的绊脚石。不是因为题目太难,而是很多考生在考官最初见到你问你姓名时错误地把有关名字的问题一并答了出来。也就是说,明明考官只是在刚见到你时问你叫什么,很多考生直接不假思索的回答“我的名字是xxx,我爸给起的名,他希望我成为一个”,这显然是在直截了当的告诉考官“我把Part 1准备得太过头了!”所以考生切不可多答,而是当考官问起来相关的问题再去回答,不要多此一举。我们还是拿三个问题来分析,看看如何回答。


Q1: Who gave you your name?


A: My name was given by my grandpa and I heard that he looked up each word in a dictionary in order to give me a good name.


Q2: Does your name have any particular meaning?


A: Yes. My dad told me that he gave me this name to want me to live happily and don't be bothered by disgusting things.


A: Well, actually my name has nothing special. My dad gave me this name simply because he thought it was easy to pronounce.


Q3: Who usually names babies in your country?


A: It varies. In some families, it is parents who usually name babies while in some other families like my family, it is grandparents who often give babies names. But, theres also a special situation in China that some families, those doing business in particular, would like a fortune teller to name their babies.


关于本人的名字我们每个人情况都不同,所以关于名字的意义大家可以谈名字整体的意义,也可以说每个字代表的意义,当然前提是你说起来简单,如果意义太难,我们可以掂量掂量,在不影响流畅度的前提下考生可以尽量说详细一些。我们再来说一下第三个题,询问中国的起名习惯。这个题属于询问整个国家的情况,但现实中每个问题都有不同的情况,所以这类问题我们最好分情况讨论,而不是一竿子打死,显得答题太绝对,思维太片面。


 总之,第一部分的话题比较固定,高频话题里的高频问题也比较固定,所以我们可以摸清规律,掌握答题技巧,定能够顺畅通过第一部分。


通过简单地分析上面三个题,相信考生们对于高频考题有了一定的了解,其实不管是不是高频题,考生始终要把握一个原则,就是合并归类,把能通用的素材放到不同的话题里,既提高了效率又能给自己减负,可谓一举两得。

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